CentOS 7: bind to privileged port without root access

September 22nd, 2020

The error I faced:

ERROR:core:tcp_init_listener: bind(32, 0x7f72fe4879ac, 16) on 11.22.33.44:443 : Permission denied
ERROR:core:trans_init_all_listeners: failed to init listener [11.22.33.44], proto wss
ERROR:core:main: failed to init all SIP listeners, aborting

The service could not start neither manually (opensips -f /path/to/cfg) nor via SystemD. The checking (opensips -C -f /path/to/cfg) of config file showed no errors.

Use ‘setcap’ command.

Example for OpenSIPS running as opensips:opensips.

How I fixed:

setcap CAP_NET_BIND_SERVICE=+eip /usr/sbin/opensips

OpenSIPS 2.4: DB/script clusterer configuration

September 7th, 2020

No DB, node 1:

modparam("clusterer", "current_id", 1)
modparam("clusterer", "db_mode", 0)
modparam("clusterer", "seed_fallback_interval", 10) # Only relevant for seed node
modparam("clusterer", "current_info","cluster_id=1,url=bin:10.145.213.63:5555,flags=seed")
modparam("clusterer", "neighbor_info","cluster_id=1,node_id=2,url=bin:10.145.213.155:5555")

No DB, node 2:

modparam("clusterer", "current_id", 2)
modparam("clusterer", "db_mode", 0)
modparam("clusterer", "seed_fallback_interval", 10) # Only relevant for seed node
modparam("clusterer", "current_info", "cluster_id=1,url=bin:10.145.213.155:5555")
modparam("clusterer", "neighbor_info", "cluster_id=1,node_id=1,url=bin:10.145.213.63:5555")

DB configuration, node 1:

modparam("clusterer", "current_id", 1)
modparam("clusterer", "db_mode", 1)
modparam("clusterer", "db_url", "mysql://opensips:MeGaPaSs@10.145.213.200/opensips")

DB configuration, node 2:

modparam("clusterer", "current_id", 2)
modparam("clusterer", "db_mode", 1)
modparam("clusterer", "db_url", "mysql://opensips:MeGaPaSs@10.145.213.200/opensips")

Clusterer table:

MariaDB [dbsrv]> select * from clusterer\G
*************************** 1. row ***************************
             id: 1
     cluster_id: 1
        node_id: 1
            url: bin:10.145.213.63:5555
          state: 1
no_ping_retries: 3
       priority: 50
       sip_addr: 
          flags: seed
    description: USRLOC_Cluster_node_1
*************************** 2. row ***************************
             id: 2
     cluster_id: 1
        node_id: 2
            url: bin:10.145.213.155:5555
          state: 1
no_ping_retries: 3
       priority: 50
       sip_addr: 
          flags: 
    description: USRLOC_Cluster_node_2

linux: cgroups

July 27th, 2020

Just a link to a useful article about managing system resources according to a user/process:

https://www.digitalocean.com/community/tutorials/how-to-limit-resources-using-cgroups-on-centos-6

Viber on Ubuntu 18.04

May 14th, 2020

alexey@dell:~$ /opt/viber/Viber qt.qpa.plugin: Could not load the Qt platform plugin “xcb” in “” even though it was found. This application failed to start because no Qt platform plugin could be initialized. Reinstalling the application may fix this problem. Available platform plugins are: eglfs, linuxfb, minimal, minimalegl, offscreen, vnc, wayland-egl, wayland, wayland-xcomposite-egl, wayland-xcomposite-glx, webgl, xcb. Aborted (core dumped)

alexey@dell:~$ lsb_release -a
No LSB modules are available.
Distributor ID:	Ubuntu
Description:	Ubuntu 18.04.4 LTS
Release:	18.04
Codename:	bionic
alexey@dell:~$ sudo apt install qt5dxcb-plugin

Forwarded/diverted calls in Asterisk log

November 26th, 2019
VERBOSE[90578][C-0027e6ee]: app_dial.c:935 in do_forward: \
[2019-11-25 09:54:06] \
-- Now forwarding SIP/2765-00559bac \
to 'Local/3135@office' (thanks to SIP/2559-00559bad)

NOTICE[90578][C-0027e6ee]: app_dial.c:958 in do_forward: \
Not accepting call completion offers from call-forward \
recipient Local/3135@office-0014b4ca;1


VERBOSE[109197][C-0027f144]: app_dial.c:935 in do_forward: \
[2019-11-25 12:20:26] \
-- Now forwarding SIP/1888-0055b018 \
to 'Local/7xxx3063600@office' (thanks to SIP/2813-0055b019)

NOTICE[109197][C-0027f144]: app_dial.c:958 in do_forward: \
Not accepting call completion offers from call-forward \
recipient Local/7xxx3063600@office-0014b7e3;1

“thanks to SIP/2559-00559bad” – this is a name of the channel who forwarded the call, either manually or by settings configured in the UAC.

sudo without pass

November 26th, 2019

Executing apt as an example. Add to /etc/sudoers

lexus ALL=(root) NOPASSWD:/usr/bin/apt

OpenSIPS: Adding CALLERID (display-name) to calls from registered users

November 21st, 2019

This is about adding a display name to the calls from registered users. An analogue of Asterisk’s Set(CALLERID(name)=John Doe).

The idea was to move SIP accounts from Asterisk to OpenSIPS.

In case of using Asterisk we would configure something like:

[user222]
context=o.local
secret=4EwIWikV
callerid=Alexey Kazantsev <222>

How to achieve the same with OpenSIPS? This is the solution:

  • add desired display-names to ‘rpid’ columns of the ‘subscriber‘ table:
Adding desired callerid to ‘rpid’ column of the SIP-account.
modparam("auth_db", "load_credentials", "$avp(display)=rpid")
  • add ‘attr_avp‘ parameter to ‘registrar’ module settings:
modparam("registrar", "attr_avp", "$avp(display)")
  • and finally some magic in the script, to add the display-name to the INVITE request from the registered user, going through our OpenSIPS SBC:
# call from registered user -> add callerid
# and forward to mediaserver for call recording, etc.
if(is_registered("location"))
{
# replace only display and do not touch uri
uac_replace_from("$avp(display)","");
rewritehostport("10.145.213.63:5067");
route(relay);
}

How it looks like?

This is the INVITE coming to OpenSIPS:

2019/11/21 14:16:55.247856 10.145.213.64:5061 -> 10.145.213.63:5060
INVITE sip:111@taxsee.com SIP/2.0
Via: SIP/2.0/UDP 10.145.213.64:5061;branch=z9hG4bK-3822b894
From: <sip:222@taxsee.com>;tag=48b014547f398294o1

And this is the same INVITE leaving OpenSIPS, being modified:

2019/11/21 14:16:55.252518 10.145.213.63:5060 -> 10.145.213.63:5067
INVITE sip:111@10.145.213.63:5067 SIP/2.0
Record-Route: <sip:10.145.213.63;lr;ftag=48b014547f398294o1>
Via: SIP/2.0/UDP 10.145.213.63:5060;branch=z9hG4bK77e6.9bb3aa72.0
Via: SIP/2.0/UDP 10.145.213.64:5061;branch=z9hG4bK-3822b894
From: "Alexey Kazantsev" <sip:222@taxsee.com>;tag=48b014547f398294o1

The information stored in the ‘rpid’ column (in our example, or some custom in your architecture) is fetched to AVP at each REGISTER/save, so you do not need to reload anything to take changes in effect.

The callerid info is seen in console output via ‘opensipsctl fifo ul_dump’ command:

	AOR:: 222@taxsee.com
		Contact:: sip:222@10.145.213.64:5061 Q=
			ContactID:: 3039507536010050217
			Expires:: 42
			Callid:: 9fdd26c2-6de37105@10.145.213.64
			Cseq:: 35746
			User-agent:: Cisco/SPA303-7.6.2c
			State:: CS_NEW
			Flags:: 0
			Cflags:: 
			Socket:: udp:10.145.213.63:5060
			Methods:: 5247
			Attr:: Alexey Kazantsev

UAC settings: forming INVITE with RURI containing a domain

November 7th, 2019

Some notes how to configure Linphone and Cisco SPA-303 to send INVITE with domain in RURI, assuming that your proxy has a different IP address than the resolved address of the domain.

Linphone: add “Route” parameter.
Cisco SPA-303: Outbound proxy, Use outbound proxy = yes, Use OB proxy id Dialog = yes.
Resulting INVITE to a private IP containing a domain in RURI.

That’s all. Have fun!

Inserting Asterisk in your call flow

November 6th, 2019

Let’s imagine that we’ve upgraded our VoIP network which was formerly based on geographically distributed Asterisks.

We configured OpenSIPS servers as registrars, connected them together in a full-sharing usrloc cluster and now we need to route calls between endpoints not directly, but through Asterisks – to handle our calls in a familiar way (CDR records, call recording via MixMonitor, some AGI scripts, etc).

We have to create something like that:

This is a code snippet of OpenSIPS with IP address 10.145.213.63:

	# initial INVITE
	if(is_method("INVITE"))
	{
		t_on_failure("1");

		# call from registered user ->
                # forward to mediaserver for call recording, etc.
		if(is_registered("location"))
		{
			$ru="sip:" + $oU + "@" + "10.145.213.63:5067";
			route(relay);
		}

		# call from Asterisk? -> change domain part before doing lookup
		if($sp=="5067")
		{
			$rd="taxsee.com";
		}

		$var(lookup_flags) = "m";
		if(cluster_check_addr("1", "$si")) {
			xlog("si: $si . $rm from cluster, doing local lookup only\n");
		} else {
			xlog("si: $si . $rm from outside, doing global lookup\n");
			$var(lookup_flags) = $var(lookup_flags) + "g";
		}

		if(!lookup("location", "$var(lookup_flags)"))
		{
			t_reply("404", "Not Found");
			exit;
		}

		if(has_body("application/sdp"))
		{
			rtpengine_offer("RTP/AVP replace-origin replace-session-connection ICE=remove");
		}

	} # initial INVITE end

	route(relay);

A SIP peer to this OpenSIPS in Asterisk sip.conf looks like this:


[opensips]
type=peer
context=office
host=10.145.213.63
port=5060

And a dialplan for CDR/MixMonitor/etc:

context office
{
	_XXX =>
	{
		NoOp(imagine this is CDR, MixMonitor, AGI);
		Dial(SIP/opensips/${EXTEN});
		Hangup();
	};
};

UPD: assuming your SIP acoounts DB has moved from Asterisk to OpenSIPS cluster, its desirable not just processing REGISTER requests and doing authentication, but also adding caller ids to your SIP accounts.

OpenSIPS 2.4 usrloc full-sharing cluster

October 25th, 2019

UPD: 2019-november-5. An official tutorial is available now! And some discussion on the mail list.

Draft/some notes…

2 OpenSIPS nodes without MongoDB

  • clusterer.so module – one node is configured as seed (in case of using MongoDB for usrloc, both nodes were seed)
    • if a non-seed node restarts, it gets usrloc from seed one via bin interface
    • if a seed node is restarted, we have to get all usrloc records from non-seed one using ‘opensipsctl fifo ul_cluster_sync’ command

Key settings:

loadmodule “usrloc.so”
modparam(“usrloc”, “db_url”, “mysql://opensips:pass@10.145.213.63/opensips”)
modparam(“usrloc”, “nat_bflag”, “NAT”)
modparam(“usrloc”, “working_mode_preset”, “full-sharing-cluster”)
modparam(“usrloc”, “location_cluster”, 1)
modparam(“usrloc”, “use_domain”, 1)

loadmodule “clusterer.so” # requires proto_bin.so
modparam(“clusterer”, “current_id”, 1)
modparam(“clusterer”, “db_mode”, 1)
modparam(“clusterer”, “db_url”, “mysql://opensips:pass@10.145.213.63/opensips”)


    # initial INVITE
    if(is_method("INVITE")) {
	t_on_failure("1");
	$var(lookup_flags) = "m";
	if (cluster_check_addr("1", "$si")) {
		xlog("si: $si . $rm from cluster, doing local lookup only\n");
	} else {
		xlog("si: $si . $rm from outside, doing global lookup\n");
		$var(lookup_flags) = $var(lookup_flags) + "g";
	}
	if (!lookup("location", "$var(lookup_flags)")) {
		t_reply("404", "Not Found");
		exit;
	}
	if (has_body("application/sdp")) {
	    rtpengine_offer("RTP/AVP replace-origin replace-session-connection ICE=remove");
	}

    }	# initial invite END

UPD: some useful notes from Liviu Chircu: http://lists.opensips.org/pipermail/users/2019-October/041819.html

Pay attention: according to his advice, we don’t need any data in ‘sip_addr’ columns when creating a full-sharing usrloc cluster. In case of federated cluster we have to fill them with IP addresses on which OpenSIPS nodes are listening.